The carburetor used on the Lincoln is the
Stromberg model 0-3.
The description of this carburetor and adjustments is given on
pages 1244-1249. The prefix of the 3 to model 0 means that it
is in size.
The electro-fog attachment is a special heating device provided
to overcome the difficulty sometimes experienced in starting
a cold engine. It is operated by pulling the carburetor choke
control button on the instrument board, all the way out against
the stop provided, and maintaining it in that position for approximately
15 seconds, causing the electrofog generator to function as follows:
Pulling the choke control (3) all the way out closes the electro-fog
switch which is attached to the back of the intake manifold (1).
This switch is in the circuit between the battery and the heating
or fog-producing element.
It is thermostatically controlled and automatically cuts off
the current after a lapse of time which is sufficient to produce
the fog for starting. It is such a sensitive device that in warm
weather it automatically remains open and inoperative, due to
its thermostatic principle.
The heating element is contained in a small retort at the bottom
of the carburetor (10), and is surrounded by a soft incombustible
substance which absorbs the gasoline to be vaporized. Gasoline
is automatically supplied to the retort by the unvaporized fuel
in the intake manifold which drains back into it when the engine
When the switch is closed the gasoline contained in the retort
is subjected to a temperature above the boiling point of the
fuel, and in a very few seconds the carburetor manifold is filled
with a foggy vapor.
The heating element is purposely overloaded to the incandescent
point and then cut off thermostatically. This accomplishes in
a few seconds what would ordinarily require considerable time.
The electro-fog generator operates for a period of 10 to 15 seconds,
and is then automatically cut off. The first five seconds are
required to bring the fuel to the fog point and the remainder
of the period to produce sufficient fog for several explosions.
Operation: When the carburetor choke control button on the instrument
board (connected with 3) is pulled out the first part of the
movement of the control closes the carburetor choke valve (7)
shutting off nearly all air from entering the carburetor.
By pulling the choke control all the way out to the fixed stop
position, one of the members of the electro-fog
switch (2) is
pushed toward and engages the thermostatic member of the switch.
The circuit is thus closed between the battery and the heating
element, which is grounded in the retort.
Caution: The electro-fog generator should not be operated when
the retort containing the heating element is dry, as this will
cause the heating element to burn out. This condition will be
brought about by demonstrating the device without turning the
engine over or from the vacuum tank being dry. No harm will result
from operating the generator several times in succession if the
engine is cranked at each trial, as sufficient fuel will drain
back into the retort to replenish the supply.
The thermostatic member of the electro-fog switch is composed
of two strips of metal (enclosed in electro-fog switch box) having
different expansionratios. Closing the circuit causes these strips
to become hot and because one metal expands more rapidly than
the other the strip bends and after 10 to 15 seconds will break
The spring strip is operated by a plunger (2) which is actuated
by the lever (4) which- is operated from the carburetor choke
control button connected with (3).
The wire in (9) connects the heating element (10, on opposite
side of carburetor) with the spring strip, and the wire in (8)
connects the thermostatic member of the switch with the battery
at the starter generator terminal.
Fig. 1. Side view of Stromberg Model 0-3 Carburetor as used on
the Lincoln 8 with the electro-fog generator and air cleaner
The air cleaner is of the centrifugal type, placed as shown at
the main air intake opening of the carburetor.
To avoid any possibility of the carburetor air supply being restricted
at high speeds with wide open throttle, an automatic valve (15)
is provided in the bottom of the air cleaner, which opens when
the suction in the pipe becomes strong enough to lift the valve,
the correct weight of which keeps the valve seated under all
Names of parts of Lincoln-Stromberg Carburetor: (1) intake manifold
(it is cored for water outlet from cylinder jackets) ; (2) plunger
which closes the circuit between the two metal strips in electro-fog
switch box; (3) carburetor choke and heater control rod; connects
with choke button on instrument board; (4) actuating lever; (5)
heater switch connecting link; (6) carburetor choke rod; (7)
carburetor choke valve lever; (8) wire assembly; switch to battery
(connected at starter terminal); (9) wire assembly; switch to
heater unit; (10) the heating unit is connected with (9) on the
opposite side; (11) throttle valve on opposite side is connected
to this throttle rod; (12) economizer needle also connected to
throttle lever; (13) carburetor air intake; (14) air cleaner;
(15) automatic air valve at bottom of air cleaner; (16) accelerating
well drain plug; (17) float chamber drain plug; (18) fuel inlet;
connects with vacuum tank; (19) float chamber fuel level plug
(see page 1245 for adjusting gasoline float level); (20) idling
Air cleaner lubrication: Lubrication of the shaft on which the
cleaner mechanism revolves is taken care of by oil, fed from
the oil-soaked felt around the shaft and at the top of the rotor.
By referring to the illustration it will be seen that the weight
of the cleaner rotor is supported on a single ball bearing, which
results in a minimum of friction, and requires the least lubrication.
Editors Note: Rotor in these old manuals refers to a whole variety of rotating parts; this is even more true in modern days when Ebay, for example, has more than 11,000 auctions for various kinds of rotors. That includes brake rotors. Ignition rotors, motorcycle rotors and many others.
The end play of the rotor is adjusted by loosening the three
screws which attach the outer shell, and revolving this shell
slightly. The holes in the shell through which the screws pass
are slotted and at a slight angle, so revolving the shell also
raises or lowers it slightly. Do not adjust the end play too
closely, as the rotor must revolve very freely with no tendency
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